In order to evaluate levels of acceptance, the team headed by Barbara Lenz evaluated the online contributions made by readers of major national newspapers in Germany and the US, and conducted group discussions on the subject of how cars are used today as well as scenarios of how they might be used tomorrow. The research structure was rounded off with an online survey. The picture that emerged was unequivocally – mixed. On an objective level, the assessment was clearly positive when talking about the features and consequences of autonomous driving – primarily safety and flexibility. There was scepticism only in relation to questions of liability, for example: who is to blame if there is an accident after all? When, on the other hand, the spotlight is turned on the emotional acceptance of the technology, trust and distrust balance each other out. The only thing that appears to be consistent is that many people express ambivalent opinions. They are undecided – which is not overly surprising because when people's contact with a technology is purely theoretical, it is particularly difficult for them to decide whether they are for or against it.